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Sudan: Revolution & Counter-Revolution

In 2019, Sudan's mass democratic uprising toppled the country’s despised dictator, Omar al-Bashir, and secured a power sharing agreement between civilian leaders and the military with the promise of elections for a new government. In October 2021 the military reneged on that pledge and carried out a coup, arresting activists across the country. The people have now returned to the streets in mass numbers to defend their revolution.



Raga Makawi is a Sudanese democracy activist living in London. She is principal editor on the Debating Ideas platform at African Arguments, as well as leading publications and website administrator at the Rift Valley Institute (RVI). She is co-author of Sudan’s Unfinished Democracy: The Promise and Betrayal of a People's Revolution (forthcoming in March from Hurst Publishers) and Honorary Research Associate at the Institute for Humanities in Africa (HUMA). Previously, she was a commissioning editor with Zed Books.

Muzan Alneel is an activist and writer in Sudan. She is co-founder and Managing Director of the Innovation, Science and Technology Think Tank for People-Centered Development (ISTiNAD) in Khartoum and is a non-resident Fellow of the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy (TIMEP), focusing on a people-centric approach to economy, industry and the environment in Sudan. She also consults on industrial policy at the Industrial Research and Consultancy Center (IRCC) in Sudan.

Jean-Baptiste Gallopin is a researcher working on the Horn of Africa. The former Sudan researcher at Amnesty International, he has written on the role of the UAE and Saudi Arabia in Sudan’s counter-revolution and the political economy of the Sudanese transition. His writing has appeared in Le Monde Diplomatique, the London Review of BooksDemocracy & Security, and the Project on Middle East Political Science. He holds a PhD in sociology from Yale.


Nisrin Elamin is currently an Assistant Professor of International Studies at Bryn Mawr College. Her research explores the relationship between land, belonging, migration and geopolitics in Sudan and the greater Sahel region. She is a member of the Association of Sudanese Professors in America and is affiliated with the youth resistance movement Girfina in Sudan.


This event is co-sponsored by Internationalism from Below, the Tempest CollectiveAfrica is a CountryDSA AfroSocialists & Socialists of Color CaucusDissentersNew PoliticsReview of African Political Economy (ROAPE), Spring Magazine, and Haymarket Books