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State Capitalism in Russia
The seminal document of Third Camp Socialism, available again after decades out of print.

Over a quarter of a century after the Soviet Union’s collapse, many continue to associate socialism with Joseph Stalin’s totalitarian regime. State Capitalism in Russia, first published in 1955, offers a radically different interpretation of what happened in the decades after the Russian Revolution: that Stalin’s assault on the gains of the 1917 revolution caused the reemergence of class divisions and capitalist modes of production. This argument about the development of state capitalism became a cornerstone of an anti-Stalinist socialist movement that insisted that socialism must be founded on workers’ power and mass democracy. Long out of print, this classic work of rigorous, unflinchingly honest analysis remains essential for anyone trying to understand the degeneration of a revolution which had once inspired the world.

Other books by Tony Cliff

  • Party and Class

    These essays show why we need something more than single-issue organizations, movement coalitions, if we are to achieve real change.
  • Russia

    In the Russian revolution of 1917, workers took control of a major country for the first time in history.
  • The Revolution Besieged

    The last installment of Tony Cliff's biography of Russian revolutionary V.I. Lenin, available for the first time in the U.S.
  • All Power to the Soviets


    Tony Cliff was a lifelong organizer within the international socialist movement. His groundbreaking work established the unique interpretation of...
  • Building the Party

    The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the pivotal events in world history, and the Russian Bolshevik Party played a central role in that...